The direction of light is a very important concept that needs to be learned. You have to consider how the shadows created have an impact on your audience experience, it will become more complicated and interesting. Understanding the following lighting locations will help Let you tell the story better and create better characters.
Let's first talk about the knowledge points involved in the following videos, and then post the video. Here are seven basic lighting locations that are commonly used for filmmaking, namely:
The light hits the front of the character with the least shadow. This is a way to make the facial features relatively flat. Generally, the front side of a person is photographed, and most of them use this method of lighting, and are mostly used for female face shooting, such as MV.
The same is in the front lighting, moving the lamp up, the chin, cheekbones, under the nose will appear some shadows, the face will be more stereoscopic than the previous lamp position.
The top light is to put the light on the top of the character's head. Except for the forehead and nose, the other parts of the face will be in the shadow, which is obvious for the facial contour. The invisible effect can create a gloomy atmosphere effect, and makes the character's character difficult to interpret and has a mysterious feeling.
The foot light is also called ghost light, which is completely opposite to the top light. The light from the bottom of the person will highlight the bottom of the nose, the eyes and the chin. It can clearly see the eyes of the characters and can express the atmosphere of terror or fear and anxiety.
The 45° side light is a very common way of lighting, and half of the face will appear shadow, also known as Rembrandt light.
The light from the front side, the shadow of the face occupies half, and the dramatic effect is more obvious.
Light on the side of the character, only illuminate the edge of the character, one side of the face, part of the nose and chin, most of the face is out of the shadow, so this light position is mostly used in the villain of the villain.
The lighting method that is completely behind the character is mainly used to highlight the outline of the subject, and it can also be used in conjunction with other lights. For example, sometimes it is necessary to fill the light in front of it. Similarly, this method of lighting can also create a silhouette effect of backlighting.
Light in each direction creates a shadow that is not only for the subject of the illumination, but also has a broader impact on the perception of the audience. For example, as mentioned before, the top illumination or placing the light source directly above the body is often used to cover people's faces, especially their eyes. Francis Ford Coppola and DP Gordon Willis used this type of lighting in The Godfather to give Vito Don Corleone and other characters a mystery and even convey unreliable effects. Using top light, as well as low-key lighting technology, creating large-area shadows not only obscures most of the viewfinder, but also has many facial features that are masked. Usually viewers learn by seeking other people's emotional reactions. Paul Thomas Anderson and DP Mihai Malaimare Jr. used a similar approach.
However, these are not "standard" rules. In fact, the lighting effect is more inclined to match the taste of most viewers. If you add other elements in the film, such as color, shooting angle, clothing, etc., these elements can add more influence and make you The narrative is more infectious and complex.
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